Diet for thyroid problems

Diet for thyroid problems is crucial to the overall condition of your body. The small endocrine gland produces hormones responsible for the proper functioning of all processes in the body. They are essential for metabolism, hormonal balance, brain activity, heart and nervous system. Thyroid problems can lead even to respiratory difficulties, changes in appetite and senzetivnostta muscle.

When thyroid disease should stick to a diet. The thyroid is a gland glands, which produces three hormones – thyroxine, triiodothyronine and calcitonin. The first two control hormone metabolism in the body, and also the processes of growth and development of tissues and organs. The hormone calcitonin responsible for the metabolism of calcium in the body and regulates bone mass.

Both excessive and insufficient hormonal activity of the thyroid gland becomes the cause of various diseases. The level of the hormone directly relates to the condition of the tissues of the thyroid gland. Excess hormonal activity is called hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. Deficiency of thyroid hormone is called hypothyroidism. Impaired secretion of hormones by the body and is a common cause of obesity. It is recommended that thyroid problems occur certain changes in eating habits. It would be nice to avoid certain products and to emphasize to those who have a proven beneficial effect in such conditions.

Learn about thyroid problems

The Thyroid Gland - Location - Blood Supply - TeachMeAnatomy

  • Hypothyroidism: This occurs when the thyroid gland is underactive and does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Symptoms can include fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, depression, and slowed heart rate. It is often treated with synthetic thyroid hormone replacement medication.
  • Hyperthyroidism: In contrast, hyperthyroidism is the result of an overactive thyroid gland producing too much hormone. Symptoms may include weight loss, anxiety, irritability, palpitations, and heat intolerance. Treatment options include medication, radioactive iodine therapy, or surgery.
  • Goiter: A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It can occur in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism but may also be present without affecting hormone levels. Iodine deficiency is a common cause of goiter worldwide.
  • Thyroid nodules: These are lumps that can form within the thyroid gland. While most thyroid nodules are benign, a small percentage can be cancerous. Evaluation typically includes hormone tests, ultrasound, and possibly a biopsy.
  • Thyroid cancer: Although less common than other thyroid conditions, thyroid cancer can occur. It may not cause symptoms initially, but as it grows, it can lead to a lump in the neck, trouble swallowing, or changes in voice. Treatment often involves surgery followed by radioactive iodine therapy or thyroid hormone therapy.

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According to experts, a key component of the diet should be the fatty acid Omega 3. Therefore weekly menu should include increased intake of fish. Suitable in this case are salmon, sardines and herring. Seafood are also good food for people with problems with the endocrine gland. It is highly recommended consumption of shrimp, algae and other marine plants that contain iodine.

It is also necessary to emphasize the intake of vegetables, especially dark green leafy vegetables. These are the lettuce, parsley, kale and so on. They are useful because of its rich in vitamin A. This group includes more products somersaults as arugula and mustard. At the same time, according to specialists intake of Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and cabbage usually should be limited.

These foods have a very beneficial effect on the body, but not in cases of dysfunction of the thyroid gland. The same applies to soybeans and soybean products as soy proteins have a negative effect on people undergoing hormonal drug treatment. The list of products whose consumption should be reduced fall wheat crops. However can increase the intake of products containing vitamins A, D and zinc. Vitamin A is found mostly in liver, eggs and full-fat dairy products. Helping come even creating healthy habits such as regular exercise without reloading enough sleep, cope with stress and of course positive thinking.

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