Balanced diet against heart disease and cancer, as well as poor nutrition in addition to the mental state is one of the major risk factors for many chronic diseases. According to the World Health Organization about 1/3 of cardiovascular disease and cancer could be avoided through a balanced and healthy diet. The human body needs all types of nutrients to function properly. Some of them are essential to meet the need of obtaining energy. On the other hand, it is necessary for the cells to be fed continuously and must be replaced. For the proper functioning of physiological processes necessary nutrition is balanced. And this happens on a daily basis obtain such necessary amount from the following food groups:
Wheat, corn, oats, barley, spelled, and foods derived from them (bread, pasta, rice) obtain the body of carbohydrates, which are the main source of energy for the body. Moreover they contain B-complex vitamins and minerals in addition to quantities of proteins.
• Fruits and vegetables
They are an important source of fiber, an essential element in the process of digestion. Fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals are essential for the proper functioning of physiological mechanisms. They contain anti-oxidants that have a protective action.
• Meat, fish, eggs and legumes. These foods are the basis of the performance of multiple functions. Participate in the construction of various components of the body, promote chemical reactions that occur in the body, delivering nutrients in the blood. Participate in building immunity and are key components to provide a reserve of energy. Help the absorption of some vitamins and antioxidants, which are important elements in the development of certain biological molecules.
Fish. Inadequate protein intake can disrupt these functions (for example, you can lose muscle mass), but the surplus is equally irrelevant: proteins actually become fat deposits and slag from this transformation is converted into substances that can harm the liver and kidney.
Meat, especially red contains saturated fat and cholesterol. Therefore, they should be consumed in moderation. It would be good more often to consume fish have a protective effect against cardiovascular disease (contains omega-3 fatty acid) and legumes, which are the richest source of vegetable protein and are also rich in fiber .
• Dairy products
Low-fat milk. Foods rich in calcium – an essential mineral in the bone structure. Preferably consumption of skimmed milk and low-fat dairy products. About 70% of the human body consists of water and its amount in the body is essential for the maintenance of life. The water, in fact it is essential to carry out all processes, physiological and biochemical reactions that occur in the body. It plays a vital role in digestion, absorption, transport and utilization of nutrients. This is the main means by which to eliminate waste. Therefore appropriate balance the amount of water in the body is critical to maintaining good health in the short, medium and long term.